Anxiety disorders can be very effectively treated. Although each disorder has its own specific characteristics, most respond well to psychological treatments and/or medication.
Treatments combining both psychological therapy and medication often have better long-term results.
Effective treatments for anxiety disorders include the following:
- Psychological therapies, such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are aimed at changing patterns of thinking, behaviours, and beliefs that may trigger anxiety. Therapy may also involve gradually exposing a person to situations that trigger their anxiety (desensitisation).
- Anxiety management and relaxation techniques.
- Anti-depressants play an important role in the treatment of some anxiety disorders as well as treating associated or underlying depression.
- Anti-anxiety medications that specifically influence the neurotransmitter system in the brain are sometimes useful. Medication will not cure anxiety disorders but can keep symptoms under control while a person receives psychological treatment.