The costs of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug abuse to Australian Society in 2004/05 - Summary Report
4. Some disaggregated costs
This section provides detailed estimates of the costs of crime, health care and production losses. It also presents information on the breakdown of the costs of illicit drugs according to the type of drug. The full report also provides detailed estimates of the costs of road accidents attributable to the consumption of alcohol and illicit drugs, and of the costs of fires attributable to smoking.
The presentation used in the full report provides comprehensive information on particular areas of costs while avoiding double counting some of the costs. For example, crime costs include productivity losses, for which separate aggregate drug abuse cost estimates are made. Productivity costs cannot be included in both areas without double counting, and yet to exclude them from crime costs would give the impression that the total costs of drug-attributable crime were lower than they are. This problem is overcome in the case of crime by estimating overall costs as well as ‘not elsewhere included’ costs, which are the values carried over to the aggregate tables. In this way all double counting is avoided.