The costs of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug abuse to Australian Society in 2004/05
Footnotes to appendices
Appendix B1 Unlike DUMA which collects details on all charges and then creates a most serious offence profile, female DUCO only collected two charges. The DUCO estimates have used the Williams (2005) original estimates without any adjustments.
Appendix C2 http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/health-casemix-costing-fc_r8
3 English D.R., Holman C.D.J., Milne E., Winter M.G., Hulse G.K., Codde J.P., Bower C.I., Corti B., de Klerk N., Knuiman M.W., Kurinczuk J.J., Lewin G.F., Ryan G.A. The quantification of drug-caused morbidity and mortality in Australia, 1995 edition, Commonwealth Dept of Human Services and Health, Canberra, 1995.
4 Ridolfo B, Stevenson C. The quantification of drug-caused mortality and morbidity in Australia, 1998. AIHW Cat No. PHE 29, Canberra (Drug Statistics Series no. 7), 2001.
5 Begg, S., Vos, T., Goss, J., Barker, B., Stevenson, C., Stanley, L., and Lopez, A. (2007), The burden of disease and injury in Australia 2003. PHE 82, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
6 Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001 National Health Survey, Catalogue: 4364.0, 2002.
7 2004 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, AIHW Cat No. PHE 66 (Drug Statistics Series No. 16), 2005,
9 Hakulinen, T. and Teppo, L. (1976), "The increase in working years due to elimination of cancer as a cause of death". Int J Cancer, 17:429-435.
10 In the ABOD methodology, these conditions are viewed as drug-caused but grouped into a broader category of diseases and not shown separately; ICD-10 codes from Ridolfo.
11 In the ABOD methodology, child abuse (aged < 15 years) is not included in the "Assault" classification.
12 Not viewed as a tobacco-caused disease in ABOD but included in this study due to evidence from the US Surgeon General"s report; ICD-10 codes from Ridolfo.
13 In the ABOD methodology, these conditions are viewed as drug-caused but grouped into a broader category of diseases and not shown separately; ICD-10 codes from Ridolfo.
14 Added by ABOD based on evidence released since Ridolfo"s report.
15 ABOD does not attempt to identify the specific illicit drug and allocates all cases to heroin.
16 Not included by ABOD; ICD-10 codes from Ridolfo.
17 New from the ABOD report.