Intergovernmental committee on Drugs working party on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Australia: An Update
2.2 Rates of unplanned pregnancy
The high rate of risky and high risk drinking by women of child bearing age raises cause for concern. The issue of alcohol exposure to the fetus is complicated by the fact that about half of all pregnancies are reported to be unplanned (Frezza et al. 1990; Naimi et al. 2003). Considering the high rates of drinking in young women, including in the three months before pregnancy, it is possible that a proportion of women will inadvertently expose their babies to alcohol before they are aware of their pregnancy.